FLORKEM® (Florfenicol 300 mg / m2) in 100 & 250 ml verpakkingsgroottes. Florkem is ‘n breëspektrum-antibiotika in die fenikol-groep. Vir die behandeling van primêre of sekondêre bakteriële infeksies by beeste en skape om herstel te bespoedig.
Calf diarrhoea as a complex is caused by a number of different micro organisms including viruses, bacteria, and protozoa. Classification of different aetiological causes is best done by determining the age of the calf when the diarrhoea begins.
Week one of age:
E.coli infections also known as Colibacillosis or calf scours is a bacterial infection resulting in moderate to severe yellow pasty diarrhoea in one week old calves. The onset of dehydration and death occurs rapidly in such cases.
Diagnosis: A tentative diagnosis is often made from presenting clinical signs as well as the macroscopic appearance of the faeces as well as the age of the calf (yellow/grey colour). A definitive diagnosis is made on bacterial culture.
Treatment: Symptomatic treatment to maintain the calf’s hydration status is recommended. The use of antibiotics is warranted in these cases. Antimicrobial resistance is becoming an ever-growing problem, meaning our antibiotics need to be reserved as much as possible. Antibiotics in the Sulphonamide group (Maxisulf, Norotrim and Sulfatrim) as well as the Flouroquinolone group (Baytril) are often effective against E. coli infections.
However, it is always recommended to submit faecal samples to a registered laboratory for bacterial culture and antibiogram. The antibiogram will tell us which antibiotics work effectively against E. coli.
*It is important to note that Baytril is not a first line antimicrobial and must always be used sparingly.
Prevention: Prevention is always better than cure! Vaccination of Heifers (8 weeks and then 4 weeks prior to calving) as well as Cows (4 weeks prior to calving) with any registered vaccine against E. coli. This will ensure there are sufficient levels of maternal antibodies when the calf drinks colostrum.
Biosecurity: Isolate the affected calf and then so to prevent spread to the other calves. Regular cleaning with a registered disinfectant is recommended.
Rota and Corona Virus
Diarrhoea caused by Rota and/or Corona virus commonly affects calves within the first week of life. Clinical signs include mild to moderate diarrhoea, dehydration, and a reduced appetite. Calf Diarrhoea as a result of these viruses are associated with low mortalities.
Diagnosis: Diagnosis is done through viral isolation from a faecal sample at an accredited laboratory.
Treatment: Symptomatic treatment is recommended. Electrolytes (Replensol/Electrogaurd). Antibiotic use is not advised in these cases.
Biosecurity: Isolate the affected calf so to prevent spread to the other calves. Regular cleaning with a registered disinfectant is recommended.
Week two of age:
Diarrhoea caused by the protozoal organism normally occurs around two weeks of age. On visual examination, the diarrhoea appears grey and pasty and is associated with an extremely high mortality rate. Once Cryptosporidium parvum is present on a farm, eradication of the organism is difficult due to the organism’s persistence in the environment as well as the protozoa being able to replicate within the host itself resulting in autoinfection.
Disinfection: Disinfection and eradication of the organism has proven extremely difficult. Disinfection of calf crates/pens with bleach and boiling water has found some success.
Diagnosis: Faecal sample submission to a registered laboratory will confirm infection. Rapid test kits will be available soon to diagnose on the farm.
Treatment: Electrolytes (Replensol/Electrogaurd). Halocur® or Parafor® are the recommended drugs for the treatment of Cryptosporidium.
Prevention: No vaccine is currently available against Cryptosporidium. Biosecurity and maintaining good calf crate/pen hygiene is of the utmost importance in preventing disease outbreaks.
It is important to note than Cryptosporidium is a zoonotic disease.
Week three of age:
Calf diarrhoea caused by Salmonella spp. (Typhimurium and Dublin) commonly affects calves three weeks and older. The diarrhoea has a characteristic yellow colour with fresh blood and necrotic material present. The diarrhoea also has a really bad smell to it.
Diagnosis: A tentative diagnosis is often made from presenting clinical signs, the macroscopic appearance of the faeces as well as the age of the calf (yellow with blood and necrotic material present. A definitive diagnosis is made on bacterial culture.
Treatment: Symptomatic treatment to maintain the calf’s hydration status is recommended with electrolytes. The use of antibiotics is warranted in these cases. Antibiotics in the Sulphonamide group (Maxisulf, Norotrim and Sulfatrim) as well as the Flouroquinolone group (Baytril) are often effective against Salmonella infections. Some success has been seen with the Florfenicol group of antibiotics (Nuflor, Cyflor, Resflor and Florkem).
Prevention: Vaccination of Heifers (8 weeks and then 4 weeks prior to calving) as well as Cows (4 weeks prior to calving) with any registered vaccine against salmonellosis. This will ensure there are sufficient levels of maternal antibodies when the calf drinks colostrum.
Biosecurity: Isolation and separation of the affected calf will help prevent the spread of the infection amongst the other calves. Regular disinfection and cleaning is highly recommended.
Coccidiosis is caused by a protozoal organism Eimeria Bovis/ Eimeria Zuernii resulting in a haemorrhagic diarrhoea of calves older than three weeks of age. Coccidia infections are as a result of poor husbandry such as with calves living in dirty, wet calf crate.
Diagnosis: A tentative diagnosis is often made from the macroscopic appearance of the faeces as well as the age of the calf with fresh blood being present in the faeces. A definitive diagnosis is made on a faecal float to identify the coccidia oocysts. A Diff Quick stain of the faeces will also reveal the coccidia merozoite.
Treatment: Symptomatic treatment to maintain the calf’s hydration status is recommended with electrolytes. The use of antibiotics is occasionally warranted in these cases. Antibiotics in the Sulphonamide group (Maxisulf, Norotrim and Sulfatrim). No other antibiotics are effective against coccidia. Anticoccidials such as Baycox and Vecoxan are also effective.
Prevention: Regular disinfection and cleaning is highly recommended. Ensure hygiene is maintained and living spaces are clean and dry at all times.
It is important to note than Coccidia is a zoonotic disease and affects immunocompromised individuals.
Helpful tips to keep in mind!!
- Ensure calf maintains its hydration status. This can be done with supplemental electrolytes such as Electrogaurd and Replensol. Should commercial electrolytes not be available a home remedy of 1 teaspoon salt, 1 teaspoon lemon juice, 1 tablespoon bicarb and 1 tablespoon dextrose/glucose (No Sugar!) in two liters of water. Let the calf drink 1-2L depending on the severity of diarrhoea once daily.
- Do not withhold milk in a case of calf diarrhoea.
- Ensure each calf drinks colostrum 10% of its bodyweight (approximately 4L) within the first six hours of life!!!!!!
- As labour intensive as it is, TLC goes a long way in ensuring survival of the calf.
Thank you for your valued support!
Dr Jarred Morris
BVSc (cum laude)
Tel: 082 559 1941
Botswana Safari Prize for the Predator Opinion & Management Survey
By partaking and completing the survey you stand a chance of winning a safari prize to Botswana for 2 people, worth $5 878 (+- R95 000). This prize is for a couple to enjoy 3 nights at the luxurious Wilderness Safaris 5-star lodge SAVUTI CAMP between 01 November 2021 – 31 March 2022 (excluding 20 Dec – 10 Jan festive period). The prize also includes light aircraft (Cessna Caravan) transfers from Maun – Savuti Camp – Maun, all meals, twice daily scheduled camp activities, park fees, laundry and all local drinks (excluding premium imported brands and champagne).
Place: Savuti is set on the productive Savute Channel within the fully private and exclusive Linyanti concession in Northern Botswana. It offers over 120 000 hectares of private traversing. This area is a refuge for a variety of wildlife and a fascinating natural phenomenon in the Savute Channel. When dry, it is a rich feeding ground and corridor between the mopane woodlands for both plains game and predators. When the waters flow, game congregates around it in numbers. Activities include day and night game drives, guided nature walks (seasonal and subject to the availability of a qualified walking guide) and boating (water levels permitting).
Accommodation: Six canvas-and-thatch tents and main area extend outwards on raised decks, facing the Savute Channel. A log-pile hide and a sunken hide provide unique settings to watch wildlife at the water’s edge. Two nearby Star Beds – Southern Cross and Orion – offer the experience of an exciting sleep-out under the stars.
I am a student doing my MSc (Masters) in Conservation Science through Cape Peninsula University of Technology & Nottingham Trent University. My research thesis is focusing on various predator control methods livestock farmers use, but with a focus on livestock guardian dogs relative to other control methods. You welcome to see a short summary on the methodology and objectives in the attached PDF document.
I am emailing you with regards to an online survey study I am doing as a crucial part of my thesis work. The survey I wish to conduct with the livestock farmers, looks not only at the use of livestock guardian dogs but the use of ALL the different predator control methods farmers are using. I am aiming for a broad sampling of +- 200 farmers, so I am able to measure the varied predator control methods being used across a broad spectrum of livestock farmers. Of course the survey is, voluntary, anonymous and all the research findings will be available to any persons interested. For those who complete the survey there is the chance to win an amazing prize for a safari for two to Botswana – worth $5 878 or roughly R95 000 (see attached prize details). A pilot study of 30 farmers was conducted to ensure the survey was running smoothly and the survey took on average about 35 minutes to complete.
I would hope with your farmer connections and database, I might sincerely ask if you wouldn’t mind sending the below survey link to any livestock farmers within your database please?
CLICK HERE to start the Predator Opinion & Management Survey.
Many thanks for your consideration and hopefully, help with this. I’m looking forward to sharing the results and paper once finished as well as the drawing for the prize winner!
082 537 1559
If you are in need of BEF-TECT (3-day stiff-sickness) & CHLORTET 200G (25kg), we have in stock. Please contact our office at 087-237 9995 or email to email@example.com
BEF-TECT (3-day stiff-sickness)
BEF-TECT is an adjuvanted live attenuated Bovine ephemeral fever (BEF) virus vaccine for the prophylactic immunization against the economically important disease of dairy cows, bulls, and beef herds.
Bovine Ephemeral Fever (BEF) is a viral disease of cattle and buffalo. Typically, affected animals are only sick for a few days, hence the alternative name – Three Day Sickness.
There is a sudden onset of fever- as high as 410C compared with the normal temperature of about 380C. The temperature returns to normal within 36 hours.
The first sign in milking cows is a sudden and severe drop in milk production. Cows in advanced pregnancy may abort. This is probably because of the fever, rather than a specific effect of the virus.
Animals stop eating and drinking and become depressed. They usually drool saliva, develop a stringy nasal discharge, and may have watery eyes.
CHLORTET 20 G – 25kg – (CTC)
For the treatment of respiratory and other infections caused by organisms susceptible to chlortetracycline in poultry, turkeys, pigs, calves and feedlot cattle.
Chlortetracycline 200 g/kg (as the stable chlortetracycline calcium complex).
Dear NAHF Stakeholders,
See here the link to the NAHF website for the Media Statement – Update on FMD outbreak in Limpopo:
We ask you to please share this with your stakeholders. We thank DALRRD Directorate Animal Health for providing the stakeholders with the document.
The Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development is pleased to announce that quarantine has been lifted on 9 locations, with 10 properties remaining under quarantine. Our veterinary Services are continuously working with the affected farmers to resolve the remaining 10 farms, and good progress is being made in this regard.
Botswana has lifted the ban on export of live cattle from South Africa. The import conditions for export of cattle to Botswana have been revised and a health certificate has been agreed upon. Foot-and-Mouth (FMD) specific import conditions include isolation of animals for at least 30 days whilst preparing for export under supervision of the Veterinary Authority and testing for FMD during this time. The agreed upon conditions were provided to the Provincial Veterinary Services and potential exporters are advised to contact their local state veterinarian to familiarise themselves with the requirements for exporting cattle to Botswana.
Most trade partners have retained the negotiated agreements for safe commodities. Updated information has been supplied to the veterinary authorities to provide assurances on the continued safe trade of commodities.
FMD is not contagious to humans and the meat from animals that have recovered from the disease is safe for human consumption. Permission was granted to 9 feedlots for the safe slaughter of animals from affected premises at two abattoirs designated for this purpose. This process is continuing and more than 11 000 animals from farms under quarantine have been safely processed. Once all animals on affected properties have been slaughtered, quarantine can be lifted and the farming operations can resume.
Livestock owners and traders are again strongly advised to take “buyer beware” precautions and to maintain basic biosecurity measures on their farms. These measures will also prevent outbreaks of other contagious diseases in your animals, including Brucellosis in cattle and African Swine Fever in the case of pigs. The most important points to remember remain:
Only buy animals from known and proven sources;
- Insist on a veterinary health declaration before animals are brought onto your farms;
- Always place new arrivals in isolation until you can satisfy yourself of their health status.
- move animals that show signs of disease;
- buy animals from unknown origin;
- buy animals originating from known infected areas;
- allow visitors and buyers to have contact with your animals without proper disinfection of their hands, shoes and anything that could transmit the virus.
Once the process of resolving all affected premises has been concluded, the department will embark on a general surveillance strategy in the areas affected by the January 2019 and November 2019 outbreaks. Going forward, the outcome of this survey will determine the process of regaining international FMD free zone status.
The department wishes to thank the livestock industries, the veterinary officials on the ground and the affected farmers for their concerted effort and cooperation.
The FMD outbreak in Limpopo started in November 2019 and 19 locations tested positive for FMD. The last positive location was reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health (also known as OIE) on 26 February 2020 and no new positive locations have been identified since. On most of the affected locations, more than 6 months have passed since the last clinical cases, which is a very encouraging sign that the outbreak was successfully controlled.
For media enquiries, please contact Media Liaison Officer, Mr Reggie Ngcobo, on 0828832458
Issued by the Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development
San Francisco Chronicle 8/7/2020
Americans won’t halt global warming until they stop eating beef — at least, that’s what many people have been taught. Some have even reluctantly given up their steaks and cheeseburgers in a well-intentioned effort to save the planet.
Thankfully, those sacrifices aren’t necessary. A closer look at the data shows that while cattle account for a large share of emissions in other countries, they emit far less carbon here in the United States, thanks to American ranchers’ environmentally sustainable practices and world-leading efficiency.
Simply put, U.S. cattle aren’t the major driver of climate change. So Americans can feel good about whatever kind of burger they put on their grill this barbecue season.
Many people believe — mistakenly — that beef is uniquely bad for the environment. This confusion stems, in large part, from faulty math. Consider a recent article, which pegged the global mean emissions for 2.2 pounds (one kilogram) of beef at 220 pounds of carbon dioxide equivalents, the standard unit of comparison for greenhouse gases.
That figure includes emissions of methane, a greenhouse gas that cows and other farm animals belch out during their digestive process. Though potent in the near term, methane from cattle is a cyclical gas. Consider the full cycle — the carbon contained in methane (CH4) from cattle begins its journey in the atmosphere as carbon dioxide (CO2), which is captured by plants as part of photosynthesis. Plants turn this carbon into carbohydrates, which are then consumed by cattle. These cattle then release some of the carbohydrate carbon as methane, which over the course of 10 years, is destroyed and converted back to CO2. That carbon isn’t new, but recycled carbon, returned to the atmosphere.
If sources of methane do not increase during that time — if, in other words, the cattle herd doesn’t get larger — then methane is destroyed at the same rate it is emitted, meaning no additional methane is added to the atmosphere. So methane needs to be “backed out” of the calculation.
That brings the figure for emissions per 2.2 pounds of beef down from 220 pounds to 112 pounds of carbon dioxide equivalent. And even this much-reduced figure doesn’t begin to tell the story of U.S. beef.
In the United States, the carbon footprint of 2.2 pounds of beef is 48.5 pounds of carbon dioxide equivalent, including methane. And with methane backed out, the figure for 2.2 pounds of U.S. beef is just over 21 pounds of CO2 equivalent. In other words, the global figure is more than five times higher than the U.S. number.
We owe that level of success to our farmers and ranchers, the most efficient and advanced in the world. We produce 18% of the world’s beef with just 8% of the world’s cattle — while accounting for less than half a percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. Two head of cattle today produce nearly as much beef as three in 1970. Emissions per pound of hamburger have decreased by 16% in the past 40 years from this productivity improvement alone.
According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization’s statistical database, total direct greenhouse gas emissions from all U.S. livestock have declined 11.3% since 1961, while livestock production has more than doubled. This massive increase in efficiency and decrease in emissions is a product of ingenuity and innovation in such areas as reproductive efficiency, better health through vaccinations and other veterinary care, genetics science and improvements in diet.
In addition, over the past half-century, the annual per capita demand for beef in the United States has decreased by roughly 30%, from 80 pounds per person then to 57 pounds now. That has allowed our beef exports to increase to 11% of total production, giving other countries access to beef with a lower carbon footprint.
The global average for beef’s greenhouse gas emissions is deceptive: grossly inflated for the United States and understated for pretty much every other nation. Not only does that prevent U.S. consumers from making well-informed dietary choices for their families, it also covers up the incredible success story we should be sharing with the rest of the world: Yes, we can reduce carbon emissions without giving up beef.
It’s time for Americans to grill whatever they choose without guilt — and help people in other countries do the same.
Frank Mitloehner, Ph.D., is a professor and air quality extension specialist in the department of animal science at the University of California, Davis and director of the CLEAR Center.
Op watter manier kan lewerslak in vleisbeeskuddes die beste bestry word? Met opgietmiddels of dosering in die lente met middels wat triklabendasool bevat?
In die lente is die demografie van die beesbevolking wat gevaar loop om deur die teenwoordigheid van ’n bestaande lewerslakbesmetting benadeel te word, min of meer die volgende:
- Jaar oue vervangingsverse wat die eerste somer ná speen binnegaan en kompenserend moet groei ná die eerste winter nadat hulle in die herfs gespeen is.
- Twee jaar oue vervangingsverse wat binnekort gedek moet word.
- Eerstekalf- en ouer koeie wat binnekort gaan kalf of pas gekalf het.
Boere kan nie bekostig dat bogenoemde klasse beeste wat, na gelang van die reënval, gedurende die lente op minder verteerbare winterweiding of vroeg uitgeloopte, vogryke weiding met betreklik lae konsentrasies van voedingstowwe, se produksievermoë deur sluimerende, subkliniese volwasse lewerslakbesmettings ondermyn word nie.
Volwasse lewerslakke lê tussen 5 000 en 20 000 eiers per dag wat, as die beeste toegang tot oop water en vleie het, waterslakke in daardie waterbronne sal besmet. Dit moet voorkom word deur strategiese behandeling teen lewerslak en deur beeste te weerhou van die ideale slakhabitat.
Triklabendasool is die aktiewe bestanddeel in verskeie produkte wat vatbare onvolwasse lewerslakke dood maak. Die voordeel bo middels wat slegs volwasse (ouer as 12 weke) lewerslak dood maak, is dat die minimum onvolwassenes die behandeling oorleef om volwassenheid te bereik. Triklabendasool maak nie rondewurms en lintwurms dood nie.
Die middel beïnvloed die energiemetabolisme van die lewerslak en maak dit minder beweeglik.
Die reproduksievermoë van die volwasse lewerslak word benadeel sodat minder eiers gelê word – wat die besmetting van weigebiede sal verlaag.
Die vernaamste rede waarom triklabendasool lewerslakke laat vrek, is omdat die middel proteïensintese onderdruk.
Drie belangrike kwessies rakende die doeltreffendheid van behandeling moet in gedagte gehou word:
- Geen lewerslakmiddel is 100% doeltreffend teen alle ouderdomme in die lewerslak se lewensiklus in die bees nie. Gestel ’n middel is meer as 90% doeltreffend – byvoorbeeld, 95% doeltreffend (dus 5% ondoeltreffend), en die aantal twee week oue onvolwassenes ten tye van behandeling beloop 500. Ná die behandeling oorleef 25 onvolwasse slakke en hulle word in die galbuise van die lewer waargeneem wanneer die dier geslag word.
Hierdie bevinding beteken geensins dat die middel nie gewerk het nie. Die aantal volwassenes wat in die galbuise gevind word, ten spyte van behandeling met ’n middel wat doeltreffend teen vatbare onvolwasse lewerslak is, word dus bepaal deur die aantal onvolwassenes wat teenwoordig was tydens die behandeling.
- Geen lewerslakmiddel het ’n nawerking nie. As die beeste ná behandeling in gunstige weersomstandighede in besmette kampe of vleie loop, sal herbesmetting ná behandeling steeds voorkom. Dan kan dit lyk asof die middel ondoeltreffend is wanneer volwasse slakke in die lewer van geslagte diere sigbaar is.
- As beeste wat kliniese tekens van ’n proteïentekort toon, behandel word, duur dit steeds geruime tyd totdat die tekort herstel – ten spyte van behandeling en veral as aanvullings op natuurlike laat winterveld of oesreste nie voldoende is nie. Al wat die middel doen, is om die meeste slakke dood te maak, terwyl die liggaam self moet herstel van die gevolge van lewerskade (proteïenverlies).
Aannames dat opgietmiddels die ontstaan van weerstand teen triklabendasool kan verhaas, is ongegrond.
Bloedtoetse (Elisa) is slegs ’n aanduiding dat die bees met lewerslak besmet is of voorheen daaraan blootgestel was. Die toetse bly geruime tyd positief – selfs nadat die bees doeltreffend teen lewerslak behandel is. Elisa-bloedtoetse moet dus versigtig geïnterpreteer word. Dit is nuttig as ’n kuddetoets, maar nie vir individuele beeste nie.
Die toets kan wel aandui dat beeste met lewerslak besmet is twee weke nadat besmetting plaasgevind het, dus voordat volwasse slakke in die galbuise van die lewer gevind word en voordat ’n diagnose van lewerslakbesmetting op grond van miseiertellings gedoen kan word.
Miseiertellings is ’n aanduiding van die teenwoordigheid van volwasse slakke – dus meer chroniese besmettings.
As die meeste slakke in die lewer onvolwasse stadia is (meer akute besmettings), kan die eiertelling negatief wees. Deur in so ’n geval nie diere te behandel nie, kan nadelige gevolge hê.
Die keuse van ’n middel hang hoofsaaklik af van die seisoen. Opgiet- en doseermiddels wat triklabendasool bevat, het albei ’n plek in die bestryding van lewerslak. As die regte produk aangewend word saam met ’n goeddeurdagte weidingstrategie, sal die verskuilde en regstreekse verliese as gevolg van lewerslak betekenisvol beperk word.
- Anon. 2011. Mims IDR 2011/12 Reference. MIMS/ Avusa media Ltd. Bll. 306, 392
- Boray J.C. 2011.Control of acute, sub-acute and chronic fasciolosis in sheep and cattle (an essay for general information). Paper on file.
- Coopers Sovereign Tegniese Bulletin 03/11/04
- Dorchies P.H. 2006. Flukes: Old Parasites but new Emergence. XXIV World Buiatrics Congress, Nice. Proceedings p 322- 336.
- Sargeant R. 2011. Persoonlike kommunikasie
- Snyman M.G. 2011. Persoonlike kommunikasie
- Soulsby E.J.L. 1968. Helminths, Arthropods and protozoa of Domesticated Animals. 6th edn. Bailliere, Tindall & Cassel
- Reynecke R.K. 1983. Veterinary Helmintology. Butterworths.
Geskryf deur: Drs. Johan Cloete, Tom Strydom en Willem Schultheiss
An antiparasitic remedy for cattle. Administer by subcutaneous injection only.
Dose rate for cattle: 1 mℓ/50 kg body mass (200 µg/kg Ivermectin plus 2,0 mg/kg Clorsulon).
An antiparasitic remedy for cattle.
FOR ANIMAL USE ONLY
(1) * (6) **
Reg No G4153 Act 36/1947
An antiparasitic remedy for cattle.
Store in a cool place and protect from direct sunlight.
Ivermectin 1,0 % m/v and Clorsulon 10,0 % m/v
- Do not slaughter animals for human consumption within 49 days after treatment.
- Do not treat Cattle whose milk or milk products are intended for human consumption.
- Administer by subcutaneous injection only.
- Keep out of reach of children, uninformed persons and animals.
- Although this remedy has been extensively tested under a large variety of conditions, failure thereof may ensue as a result of a wide range of reasons. If this is suspected, seek veterinary advice and notify the registration holder.
- Store in a safe place.
- Refrain from smoking and eating whilst handling the product.
- Wash hands after use.
- It is recommended that all cattle be vaccinated against Clostridial infections (e.g. black quarter), before treatment with Ceva Super.
DIRECTIONS FOR USE: USE ONLY AS DIRECTED.
Administer by subcutaneous injection only.
Dose rate for cattle: 1 mℓ/50 kg body mass (200 µg/kg Ivermectin plus 2,0 mg/kg Clorsulon).
Use an appropriate needle (e.g.18 gauge x 20 mm) attached to sterile equipment, and follow aseptic procedures.
Inject cattle under the skin on the side of the neck or behind the shoulder.
Do not inject more than 15 mℓ per injection site.
Up to 50
50 – 75
75 – 100
100 – 150
150 – 200
200 – 250
250 – 300
300 – 400
400 – 500
Effective against the following internal parasites:
Brown stomachworm (Ostertagia)
Cattle Bankruptworm (Cooperia)
Nodular worm (Oesophagostomum)
Liverfluke (Fasciola hepatica)
False bruising (Parafilaria bovicola)
Definition: * Controls : 90 % effective
** Aids in the control: 60 – 89% effective
CEVA ANIMAL HEALTH (PTY) LTD
Reg No 1973/016009/07
P O Box 7707
Tel. +27 11 312 4088
(1)* Macrocyclic lactones
The Rules in Respect of Livestock Agents were published on 2 March 2018 (Government Gazette 41473 – Board Notice 28 of 2018). For easy reference a copy of the rules is attached to this circular.
As of the 2nd of January 2020, these rules will be enforced by APAC. It is important that all livestock and game agents familiarize themselves with the content of the rules.
17 Februarie 2020
HEROPEN VAN VEILINGS
Ons verwys na die mediaverklaring wat die minister van Landbou gister uitgereik het en hanteer ek enkele punte daaronder wat van uiterste belang is vir elkeen van u.
Sonder om die hele mediaverklaring in Afrikaans oor te skryf wil ek graag die volgende uitlig en onder julle aandag bring:
- Die verbod op die samekoms van diere is met onmiddellike effek opgeskort;
- Veilings word dus van vandag af weer gehou, onderhewig daaraan dat die agente by APAC geregistreer moet word;
- APAC verwys na reëls wat op die lewendehawe veilings van toepassing sal wees. Hierdie reëls verwys na bio-sekuriteits
maatreëls wat in samewerking met DALRRD ontwikkel is wat goeie praktyk daarstel.
- Na aanleiding van ‘n gesprek wat ek vanoggend met Francois Knowles (Registrateur van APAC) gehad het sal die biosekuriteits
maatreëls eers Vrydag volgende week in die Staatskoerant verskyn as deel van die APAC wet.
- Dit is van uiterste belang dat u as kopers seker sal maak of veilings voldoen aan die nodige bio-sekuriteit vereistes.
- DAAR IS DUS GEEN VERSEKERING DAT VEILINGS WAT PLAASVIND VAN NOU AF TOTDAT DIE MAATREELS AFGEKONDIG WORD, OF DAARNA VOLDOEN AAN ENIGE BIO-SEKURITEIT VEREISTES NIE.
- Die minister verduidelik dat die opskorting van die verbod nie impliseer dat veilings veilig is nie;
a. Die effek hiervan is dat die risiko vir die verspreiding van die virus aan die rolspelers oorgedra word en sy verwys ons ook dan sodanig na artikel 11 van die Wet op Dieregesondheid; SAFA ondersteun die minister se opmerking dat die maatreëls wat in plek gesit is tydens die verbod, steeds in stand gehou behoort te word en maan ons elke voerkraal aan om dit ook so toe te pas:
a. Moenie hoë risiko diere skuif nie;
i. soos diere wat tekens van siektes toon; of
ii. diere van onbekende oorsprong; of
iii. diere afkomstig van bekende besmette gebiede;
b. Koop slegs diere uit bekende en beproefde bronne;
c. Dring aan dat kopers van ‘n veeartsenykundige gesondheidsverklaring moet voorsien voordat diere op hul
plase gebring word;
d. Plaas altyd nuwe aankomelinge in isolasie totdat u uself van hul gesondheidstatus kan bevredig.
SAFA wil u dus waarsku dat alhoewel die veilings oop is, u steeds die nodige verklarings en gesondheidsertifikate moet versoek en aanvra voordat u diere aankoop hetsy by ‘n veiling of privaat.
Ek sal in gesprek bly met APAC en Francois Knowles en sal u die nodige terugvoer gee sodra ek dit ontvang het.
Neem asb vrymoedigheid om my te skakel indien u verdere inligting verlang.